Posted on March 19, 2008 in Administrative Law
There are two elements: competency/knowledge, on the one hand, and authority/power on the other. When the two come together, we then have the combination resulting in a reasoned decision. It is indisputable that an Agency has the authority and power to make administrative decisions. On the other hand, if the Agency makes a decision without the proper competency or knowledge, then it can become a problem. In reviewing a denial letter from the Office of Personnel Management in disability retirement cases, what is most disturbing are the following: First, 90% of the denial letter is based upon a computer template. The references to dates, medical reports & records reviewed, etc., comprise the remainder of the 10%. Now, that is not to complain that OPM should or must "reinvent the wheel" each time it makes a decision — indeed, the fact that much of the decision is boilerplate, template language is not that disturbing. What is, disturbing, however, is when — under the pretense of competency and knowledge, it makes blatant mis-statements of the law. Some of the mis-statements are: "The medical documentation does not show that you are totally disabled from performing your job." There is no requirement under the law that a person needs to be "totally disabled". Or: "We are unable to make a determination because of the lack of objective medical evidence." Medical evidence does not need to be "objective" as opposed to a doctor’s reasoned medical opinions. Or: "Fibromyalgia is a condition which waxes and wanes." OPM is not a medical facility and has no business making medical determinations or declarations.
The authority and power of an Agency must always be used in the context of competency and knowledge, and the Office of Personnel Management must make its decisions based upon the prevailing case laws, statutes and regulations which govern it. It is the job of a disability retirement attorney to point out such misstatements of law.
Sincerely, Robert R. McGill, Esquire